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The Racial Climate 

at Wellesley: 
page 1 and page 3 

W&llesley News 

Newell issues 

statement on 

Title IX guidelines: 

page 4 





Racial Climate at Wellesley — Fair, Foul, or Indifferent 

This week's NEWS is devoted to initiating and energiz- 
ing an open exchange of ideas — on questions that need 
answering and answers that need questioning. Several 
members of the community have been invited to speak from 
their viewpoint on ethnic and racial minorities at Wellesley. 

It is our hope that each writer will be judged as an in- 
dividual expressing her own personal opinion from her own 
unique experience or position at Wellesley, and not as a 
representative or spokesperson or a "typical" member of 
her minority group. Need it be said, there is no such thing. 

Establishing a dialog on racism assumes that it exists at 
Wellesley. That the existence is a debatable point im- 
mediately supports the need for public expression. These ar- 
ticles are by no means The Word or The Last Word on the 
subject. NEWS enthusiastically welcomes contributions on 
this and any other subject that needs airing. In the spirit of 
openness, we request only that all articles be signed. 

NEWS will take the liberty of offering the first words. 


Establishing a dialog on racism assumes that it exists at 
Wellesley. That the existence is a debatable point im- 
mediately supports the need for public expression. 

Last year's graduation exercises ended with a speech by a 
black member of the Class of '74. Except for the handful of 
junior ushers present, no other students currently at 
Wellesley heard the speech. Faculty and administrators and 
John Kenneth Galbraith, however, were there in all of their 
academic glory. The Boston press had stayed long enough 
to hear Galbraith's glib, polished rhetoric and departed 
before Aundre Herron spoke her peace. 

The speech was an articulate compendium of one black 
woman's four years of anger and bitterness and frustration 
towards Wellesley. Serious accusations of racism were 
leveled against the entire community. 

By its end most of the non-black graduates and their 
parents were either stunned or indignant. There was 
scattered applause along with the rumbling of whispers and 
hisses. A dozen black graduates stood and applauded. 

Reactions verbalized after the procession out of the hot 
and stuffy Alumnae Hall ranged from having no idea she 
had felt that way, to resenting her blanket condemnation of 
everyone at Wellesley, to surprise that she hated Wellesley 
with such passion, to gut anger, to Right On Sister. Com- 
pounding the negative feelings was the fact that this was the 
only speech made by a member of the graduating class — 
hence, no response, no counterpoint, no dialog. Mrs. 
Newell tried to be conciliatory but she said what people ex- 
pected a college president to say. Her words fell short of 
tempering the tone and spirit of the previous speaker (who 
undeniably was a hard act to follow). 

From one white perspective, the fire of the black 
graduate's speech seemed incongruous with the ostensibly 
complacent mood on campus last year. Not once during 
that year had words of a similar effect been expressed to the 
community at large. In short, the speech was a shock. 


This brief recapitulation of last year's commencement is 
not for the benefit of the College archivist. It is the bare 
minimum historical background needed to understand why 
the subject of racism should -be discussed now, at Wellesley, 
at this quiet time. 

Confronting a problem or an underlying tension is not in 
vogue these days. But our proximity to Boston this autumn 
should surely have unearthed corners of our consciousness 
that have been buried for the last few years. Twenty years 
after Brown vs. the Board of Education, Boston, 
Massachusetts still cannot cope with desegregation. In- 

The impact this has had on Wellesley has been less than 
noticeable, a startling contrast to levels of awareness a few 
years ago. Where questions would once have been asked, 
what can we as college women do to help the situation, no 
questions have been asked by any segment of the communi- 
Accepting this lack of reactivity as a sign of contentment 
and goodwill can be a potentially misleading and hazardous 
interpretation. This inappropriate perception of quiet and 
calm applies to Wellesley as much as to any other kind of 
community. On the other hand, it is equally detrimental to 
inflate an issue to disproportionate dimensions merely for 
the sake of noise and attention. Either of these extremes is 
undesirable. But they are each a result of the failure to ex- 
press openly the fears, myths, and prejudices each of us 
possess to varying degrees. 

To start the discussion, we have listed below a few of the 
"words" we have heard more than once on this campus. We 
do this not to incite hostility or give credence to rumors, but 

— Nancy Fernald 

to bring these charges to the attention of all members of the 
community for the purpose of clarification, debate, and 
conciliation. (Articles found on page 3 explore some of 
these myths further.) 

— Minority students are below Wellesley academic stan- 

— Non-black students are not welcome in Harambee. 

— Mezcla and Harambee have extravagant budgets 
because not enough people in Senate had the nerve to stand 
up and question them. 

— The reason for a Black Studies department and not a 
Women's Studies department is because the College feared 
accusations of racism. 

— Any gesture Wellesley makes to add to its number of 
minorities is an act of tokenism and insincerity. 

— A table of black women in the dining room is a state- 
ment of separatism. 

— Entering minority freshwomen are pressured to con- 
form and outwardly establish their identity, even if they 
already have crossed beyond the superficial boundaries of 
skin color or native language. 

— Although admissions have -risen sharply, minority adr 
missions have not. That is because Wellesley has stopped 

The continuance of any one of these my t lis has noplace in a 
community of intelligent people. 

For demonstration purposes, suppose the last rumor 
listed is analyzed more carefully. Although it is true the 
number of minority admissions has not risen significantly in 
comparison to overall admissions, it is totally false that 
Wellesley has stopped recruiting. 

The more difficult part of tackling the rumor is seeking 

an alternative to the incorrect reason for the trend of 
slackening minority admissions. (Schools like Mount 
Holyoke are having more problems than Wellesley on this 
score.) An easy explanation would be that current economic 
conditions discourage certain potential students from atten- 
ding private institutions. However, accepting this as the 
only viable explanation would cork any chance of getting to 
the substantial questions. 

For instance, how does Wellesley present itself to a stu- 
dent, any student? The answer to this question might offer a 
more satisfying explanation. Statistics indicate that a 
proportionately greater number of graduates from women's 
colleges assume leadership roles in the working world than 
their counterparts from co-educational institutions. 

Does the atmosphere at Wellesley breed this feeling of 
confidence for all sectors of its varied student body? It is ob- 
vious fact that the only rewards or public recognition given 
at Wellesley are academic. Except for handful of English 
and music prizes given for creative efforts, there are few 
other things that are a big deal here among students ... ex- 
cept academics. Athletics, student government, NEWS, 
yearbook, WBS are all there, but not usually acknowledged 
as a vital activity at Wellesley. If a student cannot excel in 
academics, then what external reinforcements can be glean- 
ed at Wellesley? 

What about the intellectual vitality of the College? Do we 
learn to question, criticize, and confront an opposing view- 
point? Do we exploit the diversity of experiences of our 
fellow students? In thinking of these questions, the distinc- 
tion must be made between the classroom and the space 
beyond. We are usually quite willing to express our opinion 
in papers and exams. But the prevailing tendency is for 
students not to share with each other the intellectual excite- 
ment (sometimes) found in our academic life. While many 
people claim a liberal arts education has limited relevance 

Racism does not exist in a vacuum at Wellesley. Rather, it is 
indistinguishably connected to the values of the institution — 
its rewards, its system, its atmosphere. 

in the world beyond is the intellectual life at Wellesley 
seems to be an indication of its limited relevance within its 

From all this it is reasonable to suspect that there are 
many other possible explanations for Wellesley's plateau of 
minority admissions. And, at the same time, perhaps some 
interesting reasons can also be found for Wellesley's overall 
admissions rising. 

Indeed, a wide range of questioning needs to be done on 
this campus before significant change can occur. Racism 
does not exist in a vacuum at Wellesley. Rather, it is in- 
distinguishably connected to the values of the institution — 
its rewards, its system, its atmosphere. 

There are still some idealists at this College who believe 
Wellesley can change for the better through openess. This is 
only the end of the beginning of a dialog ... 


Wellesley News, 

Food Services: shoddy morals 
Buys scab grapes, lettuce 

College Food Services, because of a lack of moral im- 
petus on Ihe part of its administrators, has been inconsis- 
tent in its policies on the purchase of non-United Farm 
Workers Union grapes and lettuce. 

Senate voted last year to recommend to Ms. Elizabeth 
Cornwall, Director of Food Services, that no further 
purchases of scab or Teamster produce be made with 
College funds. Ms. Cornwall agreed to implement this 
recommendation and signs went up in various dorms 
stating "The lettuce served tonight is United Farm 

But, as Michael Sullivan, coordinator of the Chaplaincy 
Farmworkers group, said at Senate last Monday, "When 
the students went home last year, so did the policy." Senate) 
learned that the College had been purchasing scab and 
Teamster lettuce and grapes all summer long. 

This sort of lapse in a policy concerning the well-being of| 
the farmworkers and their families is inexcusable and in- 
tolerable. That the College could blithely say now that the 
policy was student-originated and reason therefore that the 
policy ends with exam period is shoddy ethics. 

The recommendation from Senate to Food Services was 
not a one-shot endorsement of UFW produce, but a moral 
statement on behalf of the farmworkers. Food Services 
would do well to examine its flexible conscience. 

Inadequate maintenance staff 
Suffers from * 'priorities ' ' 

Budget questions are always difficult ones. Rarely does a 
department feel it has received sufficient funds from the 
College to operate at full efficiency, but we all understand 
"priorities" because there is never enough money to go 

One department that perhaps deserves a higher priority 
in the overall budget is the Physical Plant. It is operating 
under last year's budget, even though there has been a total 
increase in costs of roughly 5.5%. 

The Physical Plant is responsible for the maintenance of 
the College, as well as various small construction projects 
on campus. The Maintenance Office receives an average of 
100 complaints a day (some days up to 200) and can handle 
at a maximum about 75% of those. They can only take care 
of the "trouble" calls; those that are not considered an 
emergency are typed out on a work order form and must 
wait until someone can get to them. 

It is impossible for the staff to keep up with the main- 
tenance that needs to be done. Part of the difficulty is due 
to problems in recording complaints. The log book for 
students requests in every dorm is checked daily by the hall 
custodian who phones in the complaints. This system has 
been fairly effective, but many problems never get recorded. 
If a grievance is not recorded, it obviously cannot be handl- 

A major obstacle to keeping up with needed main- 
tenance 'is an inadequate staff. Approximately 75% of the 
complaints that daily come into the Physical Plant deal 
with problems in heating and plumbing, yet there are only 
lour steam filters for heating repairs and only three 
plumbers. Can seven employees effectively handle such a 
tremendous workload? 

Also on the maintenance staff are six carpenters, com- 
pared to the eight men employed as carpenters in 1948 — 
who handled fewer buildings. Formerly the College hired a 
dozen painters to work during the summer, now a contrac- 
tor is employed to paint one, perhaps two, dorms every 
summer. (Under that system, a .dorm might be painted 
every seven years if it is lucky.) Small wonder that many 
needed repairs get lost in the pile of "priorities". 

Conditions are abominable in many dormitories — chip- 
ping plaster, broken furniture, leaky plumbing ... Thai 
repairs must be handled on a priority basis is understan- 
dable; but when too many are put off, the deterioration 
rapidly increases and, of course, repair is ultimately more 
costly. We cannot afford this. Will students have to pay for 
the decay induced by "priorities"? 

Vacation housing deliberations, 
Student input requested 

The Administration has begun deliberations on the sub- 
ject ol vacation housing. Although the ultimate decisions 
will be made by President Newell regarding housing on 
campus during Christmas vacation. Winter Term, and Spr- 
ing Break, student input has been solicited. 

According to Susan Fedo, coordinator of Student Ser- 
vices, (he ultimate housing plans will be based on financial 
lacts, and not on arbitrary considerations (i.e., "I don't care 
.rstudents come back, as long as they're not in my room") 

Students with facts and suggestions regarding possible, 
storage systems and security plans for dorms open during 
vacation periods should speak to their Res Policy Com- 
mittee Reps or to their Senate Reps. 

The Administration has, for once, given us fair warning 
that they are in the process of making a decision. Unles* 
students taken advantage or this warning and express the.. 
informed opinion now, we may well be stuck with anothei 
rtatelul policy. 

Letters to the Editor 

Junior Show geared 
To audience tastes 

To Ihe Editor: 

In reference to Ms. Knopman's 
article, Wellesley NEWS, Friday. 
October II, wc should like (o 
speak on behalf of the "Some 
Wellesley Women" of ihe Class of 
'76 lo whom she refers in her arti- 

As one of us was a member of 
the Cape Committee and a par- 
ticipant in the show (Gillian Der- 
byshire) this letter is written to Iry 
and explain what the show was 
about. As we know Ms. Knopman 
to be an intelligent person it 
saddens us greatly to think that 
she did not understand the show. 
We hope there were not too many 

Ms. Knopman says about the 
'76 show that " ... the majority of 
women characters in the show 
turned in extraordinarily convin- 
cing performances as mindless 
birds, whose life at Wellesley ex- 
tended as far as their social life." 
She seems lo have totally failed K) 
understand (hat the characters 
were caricatures of Wellesley 
Women in the eyes of some of the 
members of the Cape Committee, 
who chose to laugh at the abusive 
feminist who hinders rather than 
helps the feminist cause. This 
character was Ruby Keelovcr who 
says at one point: "Take your 
hands off of her, you brute. Men 
... you all want the same thing. 
Since lime immemorial women 
have been oppressed, subjugated 
and abused. The lime is ripe for 
the reparation of men's sins. 
Sisters of the world unite in 
revolution. Every woman should 
be revolting." What could be 
more ridiculous than this? If 
feminism is true human eman- 
cipation it cannot exclude half of 
the population. 

We also chose lo laugh at the 
woman who manages lo fulfill ihe 
old Wellesley role as a meal 

market around the Boston Area. 
This character was potrayed by 
Cherry Blossom who, the first 
time she meets a man, (this par- 
ticular man has been walking 
around in drag for as long as she 
has known him) behaves in a 
perfect husband-hunting way and 
says, "You mean to tell me lhat 
there was a great big hunk of 
masculinity under that little girl 
look? Why don't we two tiptoe 
over to Tupelo for a teensy tete-a- 

As lo the "innuendoes cast on 
lesbianism and homosexuality" 
can wc as the writers of this letter 
make our position Perfectly 

We do not feel that anybody's 
heterosexualily, homosexuality, 
lesbianism, bisexuality or celibacy 
is a reference to their character. 
We hope we have reached a point 
where wc do not define human 
worth by sexual preference and a 
lime is near when all human 
beings will be labeled sexual, with 
prefixes deleted. 

Let's dissolve now the wall of 
sexual tension that separates 
women from woman; man from 
man; and woman from man. It 
prohibits our ability to regard 
each other as people and devalues 
our own human worth. The at- 
titudes toward human sexuality 
on the campus have already caus- 
ed a greal rift in women's percep- 
tions of one another, cheating a 
barrier which must be broken 
down before any good talking and 
thinking can take place between 
women here. 

Wc had hoped, Ms. Knopman, 
that you would see Ellen Ready as 
we did: the ignorant creature that 
she was. When she accuses the 
"girls" of being lesbians she is 
fulfilling Ihe sex-discriminating 
role lhat wc find so pathetic. 
The main point of the show was 

Thumbs down to 
Junior Show sexism 

To the Editor: 

Undoubtedly every Wellesley 
student has vivid memories of her 
Freshman Baptism — the ritual of 
mixers, learning Ihe Bells ropes, 
and the academic deluge. So 
many experiences inundate the 
budding mind during Ihe first fall. 
Consequently, those pillars known 
as "Wellesley Traditions" loom 
like milestones, reliable and 
hopefully indicative of what this 
college is "really like" and how 
Wellesley women regard 
themselves. As I anticipated the 
celebrated Junior Show, this ques- 
tion of how the women here would 
choose lo present their image, 
while flavored with humor, teased 
my interest. I had heard Junior 
Show was a humorous production 
highly enjoyed every year, so I 
concluded thai I was destined for 
an entertaining evening. Enter- 
taining it was but it couldn't have 
been more appalling. 

Throughout the production, 
Ihe lecter-lotler between sexist 
and feminist biases tipped fairly 
equally. The sexist lines, giving the 
spectator snakes an occasional 
chance lo announce their 
presence, were effectively jux- 
taposed with the feminist 
statemenls lo prevent any em- 
barrassing tensions from arising 
between the campus women and 
their escorts. Had the doctrine of 
a dominant or even a self-aware 

woman been portrayed as the 
Wellesley stereotype, the ego 
strain may have been a bit harsh 
on the male portion of the 
audience. So the writers of the 
Show conveniently avoided this 
obstacle in ihe last scene, leaving 
us all confused over the 
melodramatic degree of Rosie's 
and Pinky's love. But from the 
concluding tone of this musical, 
Wellesley women were definitely 
summed as no equal lo Gloria 
Sleinam. Much to my horror, I 
was being told lhat Wellesley 
women have a social prize in their 
proximity to Cambridge, and woe 
he lo her who attempts to disrupt 
this conceded Harvard blessing. 
In addilion, as much as it is our 
duty lo be socially advanced (in 
the context of Friday and Satur- 
day soirees), it is just as normal 
lor the members of this campus to 
unceasingly concern themselves 
with the trivialities of bells, meals 
and living inconveniences, taking 
an occasional break for classes — 
only so as lo have a work load lo 
complain about! 

To think Wellesley students 
themselves would paint such an 
ingratiating personality portrait 
was the last thing I expected from 
Junior Show. The feminist stand 
was left much too ambiguous to 
convince the audience of a 
progressive self-concept as the 
Continued on page 7 

\ uiiuiiimi V || page 

Junior Show offers 
The "lighter side" 

1 ihp FHilrtr- Dr.wl .,v„ ... . .i . .. 

To the Editor: 

I would like to respond to Ms. 
Knopman"s article concerning 
Junior Shows, past and present. I 
see no reason why this ycjr's 
Junior Show is deserving of any 
more or any less critical attention 
than any shows past concerning 
the presence or lack of "sick 
humor", the social priorities of 
women on this campus, or any 
other issue present or absent in the 
script. These issues arc of a per- 
sonal nature and I'm sure lhat no 
member of the Junior Show 

Production asserts thai the show 
presents in any way the views that 
women here should feci. Rather 
they present us with any number 
of humorous lines and situations 
and it is up to the audience to 
rc.ict as they see fit, I sec no 
reuson why this show not be 
accepted as shows in the past and 
that is to entertain the audience ... 
lo offer Ihe lighter side of some 
very intense issues relevant par- 
ticularly to Wellesley but not ex- 
clusively so. 

Marcy Zwclling '75 

entertainment, the object of Ihe 
exercise was lo make people laugh 
and enjoy themselves. In writing a 
show one gears the performance 
to (he tastes of one's particular 
audience which alone is the final 
judge of the success of the humor. 
We feel the audience response in- 
dicated their judgement of the 

And finally, wc must con- 
gratulate you on your great 

perception as evidenced by the 
remark that the show was "void of 
references to anything beyond 
Wcllesley's borders (alias the out- 
side world)." Of course, it is well 
known that Lillian Hellman, Or- 
son Welles, Virginia Woolf and 
Mary Ann Evans never existed 
anywhere else except for the 
archives of the Clapp Library. 
Gillian Derbyshire 76 
Toni Cherry '76 

Leadership conference defense, 
NEWS has hard slapped 

To Ihe Editor: 

I was disturbed to find some 
discrepancies in last week's 
NEWS editorials, and would like 
lo draw them to your attention. 
To begin, I must take exception to 
your referral lo the Student 
Leadership Conference as a 
"frivolous, if nol simply low 
priority" activity. Although I cer- 
tainly agree with the spirit of your 
editorial, and value the 
educational benefits of the in- 
ternships, I must point out that in- 
ternships can only benefit a small 
segment of the community. On 
the other hand Lknow that being a 
student leader offers both a 
valuable education, and a unique 
chance lo grow as a person. By 
coming together in the beginning 
of the year lo promote better com- 
munications and relations on 
campus, us well as mapping out 
solutions for the problems lhat ex- 
ist at Wellesley, the participants 
in the Conference can be of 
benefit lo the whole Wellesley 
population. If we take a look at 
the history of the Leadership 
Conference, we can find the roots 
ol policies from which we, the 
current student body at Wellesley, 

are now benefitting. In a lime 
when Ihe Wellesley NEWS has 
made a strong commitment to the 
improvement of communications 
on campus it should think twice 
before calling Ihe Student 
Leadership Conference a 
"frivolous expense." 

Your second editorial, when 
coupled with the NEWS report on 
College Government, unfor- 
lunalely relayed an inaccurate 
picture ol student involvemeni in 
ihe issue of Student Records. It is 
important lor students lo know 
that in Senate, last week, Senaic 
Reps were asked to volunteer to 
accompany me to the nexl 
meeting of ihe President's Ad- 
visory Council, to discuss the 
most expedient methods for gel- 
ling feedback from both students 
and faculty members concerning 
ihe government legislation of stu- 
dent records. I hope that in the 
future. NEWS will make a special 
point of including the names of 
siudenl reps who can only be 
effective if they are known by 
their constituency. 

By Linny Little '75 
President, Student Government 

Bursting the bubble of myth 
Junior Show thinks straight 

To the Editor: 

After reading the article last 
week by Debra Knopman re: 
"Retrospective on a Wellesley 
Tradition". I fell it necessary to 
express my annoyance. In the 
first, the Junior Show of 1974 was 
NO T considered a flop! It was the 
first attempt by Wellesley 
students (both black and white) to 
put relevance into an otherwise 
dry tradition. In your reference to 
a group of black women belting 
out the song. "We Can't Tell 
Them Apart", you obviously have 

the same difficulty; the black 
students did NOT sing the song 
about white students; it was the 
white students singing about the 
blacks. You were critical of the 
Class or 1974 Junior Show for be- 
ing "too honest, loo true, and too 
blatant to be good". Well, if the 
Class of 1974 was guilty of 
bursting the bubble of Ihe 
Wellesley Country Club Myth. 
then I say. "RIGHT ON!" 

Remember. "Gotta Think 

Iris Ingram '77 

Wellesley News 

Edltor-in-ChJer ~ . - . ... 

Managing Editor Ho ^ nc ' £* £ flm ™ 

News Editor . V Debbu Z,wo ' 76 

Editorial Editor' Nancy McTi i ue 77 

Op-cd Editor Sandra Peddie '76 

Government Editor "." Debr . a Kno P ma " 1{ 

Features Editor Un Frackman ~ 6 

Arts Editor . Pal Me " 7S 

Sports Editor . Emil >' Yo ff e 77 

Photography Mar y Youn i ' 76 

Business Manager Sasha Norkin ' 7S 

Ad Managers . . Ja W ie Mi,ltr ' 76 

Susan Pignolti '75 

Circulation' Manager ,' ' ;." ' ' KaM Ph " ' 76 e 

Cartoonist . 8 Jod " WMtn Ervay '75 

Ma.y Van Amburg '77 

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The Beginning of the Dialog ... 


Acres of Fantasyland ... 

By I avellc Jones '75 

No woman in her right mind can 
presume to speak for all of the 
Bluck women attending Wellesley 
College, for, contrary to popular 
belief, we do not think as a 
cohesive group. At best, one can 
only offer opinions based on per- 
sonal observation and experience, 
and it is in this light that this arti- 
cle is submitted. 

Wellesley College is 500 acres 
of fantasyland. Make-believe is 
fine, so long as it's recognized and 
treated as such, but the danger 
looms when it becomes difficult to 
make the distinction. Wellesley 
College is a dangerous environ- 
ment for Black women. Four 
years here can result in changes 
that are far from desirable, and 
sometimes just plain disgraceful. 

Some people may deny that a 
difference exists between black 
and white, others may simply 
choose to ignore the possibility. 
But the fact remains that as long 
as heads are being busted in South 
Boston, as long as the Hank 
Aarons have to spend twenty 
years being better than anybody 
else just to get half the rewards 
they should have gotten anyway, 

... we'll be able to look back 
and say to ourselves that we 
got something out of 
Wellesley, instead of 
Wellesley took something 
out of us. 

and as long as Mrs. Joe Middle- 
class complains about only being 
able to afford steak for dinner 
twice a week, while poor people 
are forced to shop for Laddie Boy, 
(here will be black and white. And 
no matter what has been claimed, 
or what people would have us 
believe, it is no different here. 

There are certain things that 
are endemic to the Black race, and 
certain things that are not. Black 
people do not streak. Black people 

do not party at seven and get in 
the bed by twelve. Black people do 
not go to Aspen, Colorado for 
winter break. And Black people 
do not put sugar and milk in grits. 
Yet, this is the type of world 
sisters must. deal with here for 
four years of their lives. Survival, 
academic and otherwise, is one 
thing, but total assimilation is 
another. Black people do not, and 
should not think like white people. 
Our value systems are different, 
as are our goals and priorities. We 
must not allow ourselves to 
become so immersed in the 
Wellesley tradition (it's surprising 
how slowly and subtly this can 
happen) that constant definition 
and revaluation of why we arc 
here become unimportant. We are 
not here to hook a Harvard med 
student. Wc are not here to 
organize and perpetuate self- 
supporting cliques. And we are 
not here to cut each other's 
throats. The College administra- 
tion has tried over the past several 
years to be responsive to the needs 
of the Black community, and the 
degree of success leaves much to 
be desired. However, there are 
things that we can do for 
ourselves, and we must never lose 
sight of this. 

It seems inevitable that the 
question will be raised, "If it's 
such a hassle for you, why do you 
stay?" It's difficult, yes, but not 
impossible. Historically, Black 
people have never turned away 
from struggle, and the beautiful 
sisters here are no exception. 
We've all been told the stories of 
the almost magical powers of that 
little piece of paper called the 
Wellesley degree. I don't think 
that anyone is under the delusion 
that a B.A. from Wellesley will 
get us in the White House, but 
there's more than an even chance 
that it'll do more for us, and get us 
where we need to go a little bit 
faster, than a diploma from Jersey 
City State College. But then 
again, that's relative, because that 

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wow- . - ~^ t-.^afC^.'.J 

... Fear to Learn ... 

By Susan Jackson '77 

Wellesley like any other institu- 
tion has been blessed with this 
commodity called racism. The 
college is part of a changing 
almost volcanic world where 
black-white interactions or lack of 
them is a problem it has to face. 

It's quite obvious that a definite 
friction exists between black and 
white women on campus. There is 
a fear on both parts to learn 
through living in this college 
system we tumble around in for 
four years. Whites arc afraid to 
state their opinions on volatile 
subjects. They are afraid to in- 
dulge in the everyday conversa- 
tion that determines the quality of 
the weather. Instead there's a 
great retreat to rooms behind 
closed doors where opinions are 
absorbed by walls with no retalia- 
tion. The need to indulge in the 
life patterns of generations before 
and the paranoia of what to say 
and what not to say prevail even 
though the outward garment of 
torn jeans ^nd wavy hair is the 
symbol or liberalism. For blacks 
'here is still a need to fabricate a 
solidarity act. There's a need to 
spend time with one color, one 
idea, one method. It appears en- 
joyable to intimidate and catch 
reactions, to exclude and enjoy the 
a "ra of separatism. There's a 
Pressure to belong. To be a part of 
'he people who understand your 
walk, your talk, your heritage and 




"fupon photos taken here'' 


your frustrations in a world filled 
with constant reminders that 
you're not only a woman but your 

On this campus the two sides 
walk separate paths wearing 
blinders so that the temptation to 
cross the line won't have to be fac- 

... For blacks there is still a 
need to fabricate a solidarity 

ed. There is a definite need for in- 
tegration of mind. The people at 
Wellesley make up the America 
that will be the stomping 
ground — the America that 
holds the whips. America does not 
consist of black tables in dining 
hulls or black corridors. We are 
here to prepare ourselves for 
positions of power but without the 
knowledge of people we're dealing 
with because we never integrated 
mind. Wc never observed and or 
interacted with a cross section of 
what's termed America's finest. 

Somehow both sides end up 
leaving more solidly bound to self 
and ethnic group. Expansion in an 
academic sense yes, but the spir- 
tual dimension remains the same. 

Everything Good To Eat 

Do Your Food Shopplrtfl 

Wellesley Super Market 
Wellesley Square 

We carry a full Una of 

fresh fruits and vegetables 

soft drinks, bakery goods 

yogurt Ice cream, candy 

laundry soap and 

toilet articles 


real world out there is still going 
to be black and white. 

Yes, these past five years have 
been quite an experience for me, 
and I sdmelimes wonder whether 
all the conflicts, and pressures and 
angry moments have been worth 
it- Only time will tell the final 
story. But one thing remains true. 
Wellesley College has many pit- 
falls, and puts many obstacles in 
front of its Black women, but as 
long us we remain aware and con- 
scious of the realities we will have 
to face, we'll be able to look back 
and say to ourselves that wc got 
something out of Wellesley, in- 
stead of Wellesley took something 
out of us. 

Where Are We? ... 

By Arllne S. Tyler 
Director of Harambee House 

When Debra Knopman first ap- 
"' proached me about writing an ar- 
ticle for NEWS. I didn't know 
quite where to begin. My im- 
pressions or Wellesley change 
from hour to hour, and whenever 
I think I understand a particular 
trend or mood among students 
and others here, something occurs 
which manages to explode my 
current theory. Nonetheless, I 
have witnessed some significant 
changes on this campus, such as 



By Teri Agins *75 

Unlike most black students 
here, I had intentions or coming to 
Wellesley since eighth grade. I 
hud attended integrated public 
schools and I felt prepared to race 
the social pressures or attending 
an integrated college. -- 

However, after Tour years at 
this institution, I find myseirmore 
segregated from white students 
than I hud ever been in high 
school. Most or my relationships 
with white students are very 
superficial — mostly cordialities 
and classwork exchange. 

The reason for the separatism 
between the races here is not bas- 
ed simply on prejudice, but rather 
that the black and white students 
have very little in common. Our 
previous experiences are so 
different that it is highly unlikely 
that our paths will cross in college 
or elsewhere. 

On Separatism . . . 
Mealtimes are the only relaxa- 
tion period during the school week 
Tor most students. When black 
students eat with whites, meal 
conversation is centered around 
classwork. Since our social lives 
vary so greatly, it is impossible to 
talk about almost anything else 

and similar Ivy-institutions in an 
effort to perpetuate the separation 
between the "better schools" and 
the "others". Because black 
students are not as class-oriented 
as whites, we don't have all or 
these hang-ups. 

In the classroom . . . 

White students are still trying 
to prove themselves. They recite 
just anything in the class to let the 
teacher know (hey did the reading. 
One while student asked a sister i( 
the black girls were shy or were 
they just dumb. And I am seldom 
amazed when Ellen Eager, who 
recites in class everyday, gets the 
same grade that I did, who never 
spoke a word in class during the 
entire semester. 

... Separatism is inevitable 
— at Wellesley and at any 
other integrated institution. 

A white student asked a black 
one how she felt knowing that she 
got in Wellesley with S.A.T. 
scores lower than those or white 
students. These arc the kind or 
remarks that remind me that 
white students know very little, if 
anything, about black people. I 
don't have the figures or S.A.T. 
scores to debate the remark, but I 
can say that after black students 

but sch<gl. and after a frill day of ■ , |o Wc , leslcyi , h arc dcd 
classes.-fechool and related sub- , hc same us whj[es , am doub|y 

jects are the least desirable to dis- 
cuss. So usually, the sisters eat 
together just as most cliques will 
dine with each other. 

Separatism goes farther than 
just meals, but begins from the 
moment a black studententers the 

... The reason for separatism 
between the races here is not 
based on prejudice, but 
rather that the black and 
white students have very little 
in common. 

campus. Only a black up- 
perclassman can identify with the 
problems or a '.on fused black 
freshman confronted with a sterile 
environment in an affluent white 
institution like Wellesley. 

What Wellesley Means to us . . . 

It's just another place to go to 
school. We realize the advantages 
or attending a rich, white institu- 
tion, but we aren't part or its 
reputation or traditions. 

When white students — rich or 
poor — come to Wellesley, many 
Teel that they have "arrived". • 
Most blacks, until recently, have 
never been part or the seven-sister 
and Ivy league scene. And all or 
the Ivy league degrees or diplomas 
in the world will not .elevate a 
black person in the eyes of whites. 

We also see the educational ex- 
perience here on a larger scale 
than just Wellesley, M.I.T., and 
Harvard. Activities at Wellesley 
are geared toward these schools 

proud or blacks when I consider a 
sister from my hometown who 
graduated from here Phi Beta 
Kappa as a Duranl Scholar two 
years ago. She had attended black 
public schools until she came here 
(which were fiir inferior to white 
ones) — 1 compare her to while 
students who traveled around the 
world, attended the very best 
private schools in the country, and 
still did not perform equally as 
well at Wellesley. 

I've learned quite a lot at 
Wellesley and I do not regret 
coming here. Until white students 
spend some time learning about 
blacks, they will never appreciate 
the full experience or attending 
school with blacks. But 
separatism is inevitable — at 
Wellesley and any other in- 
tegrated institution. 

Film Society: The Ruling Class 
starring Peter O'Toole. A 
brilliant "tour-de-rarce." 112 
Pendleton, Oct. 20. 8:00 p.m. 

Heme T***<fa 

196 LINDEN ST. WELLESLEY. 237-1668 

•crow from 


groat savings 

on fowls, rugs 

all Your dorm naads 

save 30-50%, 



once you 

d/scover us — 

you'll coma back 


• 30-9.00 



the increase in the numbers or 
Black raculty and administrators. 
I was also present when the 
members or Academic Council 
voted the Black Studies Depart- 
ment into existence and with 
others, have watched the 
"evolution" or the Commission 
on Community Life with interest. 
As I recall, our Women's 
Conference jolted all or us into a 
greater awareness or feminism 
and the evils or sexism. These 
events were surrounded by an 
aura or excitement, but now that 
the excitement has subsided, 
where arc we? I certainly have no 
definitive answer, but I would like 
to share my thoughts with you, 

During the past two years, 
Harambee House has, on occa- 
sion, provided classroom space 
for courses offered by the Black 
Studies Department, and I must 
admit to surprise at the small 
number or white students in atten- 
dance. It would seem to me that 
while students have as much to 
learn from this new department as 

Recent newspaper headlines 
should serve to convince us or the 
need to examine the realities or 
American Society From a variety 
or perspectives. As the director or 
Harambee House, I see this kind 
or examination as one or the rune- 
lions or our center. Thcrerorc, I 
am equally puzzled by the fact 
that our programs often attract 
more whites from outside the 
college community than from 

I have heard it said that some 
white students feci intimidated b) 
being in the minority and conse- 
quently arc reluctant to take a 
Black Studies course or attend an 
on-campus program sponsored by 
a Black organization. This is un- 
derstandable, but is consideration 
given to the fact that the non- 
whitc student at this college is 
always in the minority? l( non- 
white students succumbed to 
feelings or intimidation and did 
not take advantage of what 
Wellesley has to offer intellectual- 
ly, culturally, etc., they would not 
survive on this campus 

I understand that feminism is 
one or the key issues in this coun- 
try today. As evidence of this at 
Wellesley, wc do have a women's 

... Yes, we have "come a long 
way baby," but I think we 
still have a very long way to 

center, Ms. Wilma Scott Heidi is 
a guest-in-residence. and j presi- 
dent who is an avowed feminist. 
Perhaps I'm just not in the right 
place at the right time, but I hear 
very little discussion or this issul 
among our students 

Returning to the question or 
"Where are we?" I have to say 
that in all honesty 1 don't knou 
Obviously, a Black Studies 
Department, the Women's 
Center, and an increase in the 
number and variety or cultural 
programs are all indications that 
we are proceeding in the right 
direction. Yes, we have "come a 
long way baby." but I think we 
still have a very long way to go. 

• •• 


• • • 

... Spanish speaking — 
and Native Americans . 

By Barbara Bolante 76 

The Bureau or Census (May, 
1974) released an updated report 
which sets the Spanish Speaking 
population at 10.6 million. The 
ethnic breakdown is as follows: 

Mexican 6.293,000 59.5% 

Puerto Rican . .1.548.000 14.6% 

Cuban 733.000 .... 6.9% 

Central or Soulh American 597,000 


Other Spanish Origin 1.406,000 


In that same report, (May II, 
1974:32:2) the Census Bureau 
reports that only 35% or Spanish 
Speaking American adults have 
completed high school, compared 
to 65% blacks, 90% whites, 27.3% 
Chicanos, 26% Puerto Ricans, 
-62.8% Cubans and 53.8% for 
other Spunish groups. 

The facts speak for themselves. 
Presently at Wellesley. there are 
eleven Puerto Ricans, eight 
Chicanos, and Tour native 
Americans. It was only last year 
that for the first time, three 
Chicanos and one native 
American graduated. This year 
(he figure will be even less; three 
Chicanos and no native 
Americans. With these dis- 
heartening figures, Wellesley 
College prides itseff on providing 
"an atmosphere for personal 
growth and concern for contem- 
porary social problems." In true 
aspect or the community's 
awareness, the atmosphere and 
concern are far from true perspec- 
tive, much less being provided. 

The apathy or the college com- 
munity towards these ethnic 
groups on campus is the unique- 
example of Ihe atmosphere which 
Wellesley prides itself. 

... The apathy of the college 
community towards these 
ethnic groups on campus is 
the unique example of the at- 
mosphere which Wellesley 
prides itself. 

The detrimental situation is 
farther exacerbated when I pick 
up the Wellesley NEWS and read 
the "heartbreaking" stories ,ii 
Wellesley women complaining 
because they are not given ice 
cream at meals this year. Those 
are the concerns or women at a 
top rated college in the nation, 
priding itself of preparing its 
students for the "real world". Will 
the time come when Wellesley ss j 1 1 
open more slots for Spanish- 
speaking and Native American 
students and not forget about 
them after they've arrived here' 

Wellesley has come a long waj 
from 1875 lo 1975. hut still has Q 
long way to go. So as one Native 
American appropriately stales. 
"We may not have been here the 
first 100 years, but we will, the 
next 100 years." 

English Department Lecture- 
Donald Davie Oct 21, 8:00 
p.m. "The Translalability "i 
Poetry" Davis Lounge. 
On Oct. 22. at 4:15 in Davis 
Lounge, he will be reading 
from modern British Poets 



72 Central St. 
P.O. Box 325, Wellesley 


Complete Eye Glass Service 


Newell : To HEW on Title IX guidelines 

Editor's Note: The following is the to enter more frequently into such 
official statement to HEW regar- "male" fields as science, and (4) 
ding the proposed Title IX have more role models and men- 
regulations. from President tors among women teachers and 
Newell. It is printed in its entirety, administrators. We oppose the 
entirety. homogenization of colleges in 

general, and of all special cultures 

Welleslcy College has been within them, 
engaged in the higher education of We urge that in any redrafting 
women for the past one hundred of these guidelines, the continua- 
years. During (his time our con- lion of undergraduate colleges for 
cerns have included the evolution women be assured. 
and implementation of a quality Because or our experience and 
academic program, the develop- dedication to the education of 
ment of extracurricular activities women and our recognition that 
providing the broader context in Wellesley cannot operate in isola- 
which academic life is pursued, tion from the wider society, this 
and the cultivation of a whole en- response to the proposed 
vironmonl supportive of the total Regulations for the implemcnta- 
growth and self-discovery of our tion of P.L. 92-318, Title IX. is 
women students. We are grateful sent to you. I have written this 
ihai I he guidelines arc drafted to document from my background of 
permit us to continue to meet the some twenty years' experience in 
unique needs of women within our both the coeducational and 
present American society. women's college environment of 

In their report on Opportunities higher education. In addition, this 
Ji,r Women in Higher Education, statement reflects campus-wide 
(he Carnegie Commission has discussion of the guidelines by 
slated: faculty, students, and ad- 

— We favor the continuation of minislralors. The Board of 

the talents and capabilities of all 
individuals may be optimally 
utilized. Unfortunately, the 
proposed Title IX guidelines read 
as if both sexes have suffered past 
discrimination in equal measure. 
This is not so. It has not been men 
who have been excluded from par- 
ticipation in, denied the benefits 
"of, or subjected to discrimination 
in society. It has been women. The 
talents and resources of women 
are being lost to society. To quote 
the Carnegie Commission again: 

86 31 (b) (7). 86.35 (a) (I) (ii). positive action is required under 
86 35 (b (2), and 86.41 (a) (3). the proposed guidelines. If we arc 
such worthwhile organizations as to break the present American 
the American Association or pattern of sending two-thirds or 
University Women (AAUW). our women entering ih e 
Higher Education Resources Scr- prolcss.ons into health Hclds 
vices (HERS), and the various (other than doctors, dentists or 
organizations orthc Federation or related practitioners), or into the 
themselves. As they arc presently Organizations for Professional contracting field of primary and 
written, thev seek neutrality and Women, to name hut a few. would secondary (caching positive 

Base to cms( as their effee- programs to expand the academic 

ecutive) positions." 
— It is women who must daily 
race "prejudice and male 
monopolies." (Emphasis added by 
President Newell). 

It is to these harmfulftffecls or 
discrimination thai these 
guidelines must address 

recognize no past history. They 
lack clear intent. The Title IX 
guidelines are hardly the counter- 
part to the Tide VI regulations or 

// has not been men who have been excluded from participa- 
tion in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination 
in society. 

It is not enough to grant women equal access in admissions 
and assure them equal treatment once there. 

colleges Tor women. They provide Trustees or Wellesley College ut 
an element or diversity among in- 
stitutions of higher education and 
an additional option Tor women 
students. An unusual proportion 
or women leaders arc graduates or 
Ihese colleges Women generally 

(heir October 3. 1974 meeting 
voted unanimously to endorse (he 

I assume that, through this Act. 
the goal orthc Congress on behalf 

I ) speak up more in their classes, of (he people or the United States 
(2) hold more positions of is to facilitate the development or 
leadership on campus. (3) choose a more humane society in which 

— It is "women in higher educa- 
tion who have been and still often 
arc disadvantaged as individuals 
compared to the level or their 
potential abilities." 

— In higher education women 
suffer from discrimination "in ad- 
mission to college, in acceptance 
into graduate school, in accep- 
tance into and promotion within 
faculties (and administrative 
staffs), and in salaries paid." 

— It is "women" who have less 
geographic mobility to the extent 
that they are tied to the locations 
or their husbands' employment.'" 

— It is women who have "fre- 
quent partial or even full loss or 
highly productive years" due to 
the bearing and rearing of 

— It is women who lack the all- 
important '"role models' as they 
rise higher into academic (and ex- 

soon cca„w .„ „,...,. — 

tiveness depends to a great extent and vocational horizons or women 
on cooperation with educational should be required. For example, 
institutions which are subject to placement services should not 
the Regulations. It must be only be required to provide equal 
remembered that these in- interview opportunities for their 
siiiuiions came about because of women students, but they must 
an environment poisoned by dis- also create programs aimed at in- 
crimination.sjhc assistance these creasing (he knowledge or job op- 
agencies provide in terms or porturiilics ror their women 
employment and Tocus on students and be required to look 
women's issues rs essential now ir at staff practices which may 
wc as a sociel) arc eventually to perpetuate stereotypes. Academic 
gum an environment or true counseling and placement services 
equality. The guidelines should must also look at the special needs 
unequivocally permit Ihe con- 
tinuation or such compensatory 
According to Secretary 

or individuals who leave and 
reenter the labor force throughout 
ihcir lifetimes. This group, which 
is predominantly women, needs 

the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which 
makes provisions and policies to 
"insure that groups previously 
subjected to discrimination are 
adequately served." Nowhere in 
Title IX are provisions made for 
institutions , agencies, or 
organizations which not only 
provide necessary supports for 
women but make affirmative ef- »w e oppose the homogenization of colleges in general, and 

forts to correct either directly or f „ . , , . W|| ^ „ 

indirectly past injustices. On the ■* e 

one hand, HEW slates that in- 
stitutions in correcting dis- 
criminatory policies and practices 
"shall lake ... as is necessary" or 
"may lake" remedial and/or af- 
firmativc action. Yet, on Ihe other 
hand. HEW forbids association 
with third parties which 
"discriminate" but often provide 
the institution with the necessary 
resources for corrective action. By 
strict interpretation or Sections 

Weinberger, the guidelines are 
directed lo "assure equality ol 'op- 
portunity" for all within an 
educational selling. IT this is (he 
case, Ihe guidelines must not only 

guidance and requires personal 
supports lo aid work force reen- 
try. The guidelines cannot spell 
out all the positive programs 
needed, but ralher should provide 

speak lo equality or treatment in for ihe introduction of affirmative 
admissions and financial aid but programs where student course 
also be designed lo create a nur- selections and job placement 
luring academic environment, pallcrps demonstrate sex-bias. 
Prohibitions are stated but no. Continued on page 7 

Newell will decide: 
Vacation Housing? 

By Lin Frackman *76 

Susan Fedo, Director or Stu- 
dent Services, announced to Sen- 
ate Monday night that the Ad- 
ministration is about lo make a 
decision on vacation housing. Ms. 
Fedo is in charge opening all the 
information and the final decision 
will be made by President Newell. 

Ms. Fedo said that the decision 
will apply lo three vacation 
periods: Christmas vacation. 
Winter Term, and Spring vaca- 
lion. She will he collecting infor- 
mation from the Budget officer. 
Physical Plant and Security. Food 
Services Winter Term com- 
iniiiee. Ms. Blake. Dean of 
Academic Programs, and Mrs. 
Nychis. Director of Financial 

Once ihe information is 
gathered, the decision will be 
made on a factual basis which 
dorms will be kept open. After 
this decision is made. Residence 
Policy Committee will decide the 
mechanics and technicalities 

Avis Russell. "76, Senate rep 
from Bales, asked whether ihis 
means ihai sludents will have no 
i\ u i<> whether other people can 
occupy Iheir rooms. She also ask- 
ed wheiher signing ihe Residence 
contract gave the Administration 
Ihe nghi lo put anyone in your 
room. Ms Fedo responded in Ihe 
affirmative However, she added 
ih. ii ii was up to Res Policy to 
work oui those problems. The Ad- 
ministrative decision on which 
dorm lo open will be made only 
on the facls, e.g. how man) 
students arc going lo be here. 

Sherry Zillcr. 77, member or 
the Winter Stud) Committee, said 
that her committee had requested 
i conlracl between the temporary 
occupant ol Ihe room and the per- 
manent occupant. She emphasiz- 
ed ihai she wanted as much stu- 
dent input as possible, and that 
her committee was going lo try 

and arrange lo put sludents in 
Ihcir own rooms or Ihcir friends' 
rooms during Winter Study. 

Florence Davis. '76. Senate rep 
from Bccbe, pointed out that this 
was not just a problem for Winter 
Study, but that it was a larger 
issue which affected all vacations. 
Toni Cherry. '76. Senior Vice- 
President, remarked that many or 
the problems stemmed from the 
Residence contract, and suggested 
that the College attorney come 
and speak lo CG on (his issue. 

Marcy Zwclling, '75. Senate 
rep from Pomeroy, asked when 
students will know what courses 
are offered for Winter Study and 
wheiher it is mandatory for a stu- 
dent to be taking a course to be on 

Sherry responded that a course 
booklet will be out next week and 
lhal a student must be par- 
licipating in Winter Study to be 
on campus. 

Angela Freyrc. '76, Jr. Vice- 
President for On-Campus Affairs, 
asked for a sense or the meeting 
on a proposal for a Co-ed coali- 
tion, lo be open to all males 
registered in (he College. Senators 
questioned whether it was legal to 
grant recognition lo a group 
which would not be open to the 
entire college community. There 
is no precedeni in the College for 
the recognition or a minority club 
only open lo members or that 
minority. Ethos and Mczcla arc 
both open lo the college com-' 

Senate voted to recognize the 
club if the regulations were chang- 
ed lo make il open to Ihe entire 
college community. 

I l" Davis made a motion that 
Senate send a letter to Mrs. 
Cornwall. Director or Food Ser- 
vices, reaffirming the endorse- 
ment to boycott non-UFW lettuce 
and to present a request to Presi- 
dent Newell to recognize the scnti- 

Slater Open-House 
Annual Birthday Party 
October 19 
from two-til fiic 
for displays and food. 

International entertainment 
in the evening. 

ment orthc community in placing 
on record the college's official en- 
dorsement or the UFW's boycott. 

Senate passed the constitution 
or the Wellesley Ballroom Dan- 
cing Club and the Wellesley-MIT 
Third World Association. CG 
also approved three members or 
the Wellesley-MIT liaison com- 
mittee: Gwen Zahner. '76, 
Marilyn Chohaney. '75, and Anne 
Fougeron, '76. 

INDEXED is a list or events 
and announcements published 
daily to let you know what's 
happening on campus. 
INDEXED is posted Monday 
through Friday in all residence 
halls, at the College Post Of- 
fice. in academic and ad- 
ministrative departments, at 
the Info Box in Schneider, the 
Information Bureau in Green 
and on the Index Board next to 
124 Founders. 

INDEXED announcements 
are accepted by Information 
Bureau, 235 Green with a 2 
p.m. deadline the day 
preceding publication. 
INDEXED is what's happen- 
ing at Wellesley. 

Have you had any scheduling 


in science courses this year? 

If the answer is "yes," the Science Center Of- 
fice (136 Sage) would like to know where 
your problems occurred. 





.conflicted with. 


Days and Time 

Candy & 






„4i/-v tests 




a licensed nun-prulii mcdiml flcilll) 

It's the Haircut 

that makes the Difference 

Each Hairstyling given in 
our Salon is an 
Individualized Service 
designed for your features. 


shaping of a 

Custom Cut 

Mr. Richards 

of Wellesley 
Hair Design 

566Wdsh,n.„onS. 235 9710 or a 3 7 0041 

,,•**/* ■— ^ WELLESLEY NEWS 5 

' Many K oads" conference stresses diversity not 'super stars' 

^ By Patricia Mell 75 ~ nol ordinarily available in room .able ■ 

America and works closely with Ms. Ascot has worked as a TENTATIVE SCHEDULE 

u/«»llpd**v CnUear f n x, n A a A „_ . L _ ... . European custom houses. Her research librarian in a chemical mo u.iuv ..v,. 

Wellesley College founded on the principle of women 
revolting against the accepted norms of "feminine 
behavior has long succeeded in graduating women who 
could make it '"the masculine world of work. Wellesley 
alum have followed this principle and have entered a wide 
variety of employment areas. Fifty-five of these women 
will participate in the second "Many Roads" Careers 
Conference on November 10-12. 

The participants represent such fields as public health 
communications, private business, science and even avia- 
tion. The Careers Conference is under the direction of Mrs 
Joan Bishop It is sponsored by the Merrill Trust Fund as 
part ol the Wellesley Centennial Celebration. 

According to Roni Schwartz of the Career Services Of- 
fice, the purpose of the "Many Roads" Conference will be 
to "help forge a closer link between alumnae and students." 
Through the 1974 Careers Conference, Career Services 
wants to effect a rapprochement of the working world and 
the academic world. To this end, the Conference will stress 
diversity but not the "super stars". The participants will be 
more representative of the realities facing women after 
graduation. It is hoped that students will be better able to 
relate to these women and therefore be able to benefit from 
their experiences. 

Innovations of '74 Conference 

not ordinarily . 
America and works closely with 
European custom houses. Her 
schedule is very flexible and much 
of her work is done on her dining 

Innovations of 1974 Conference 

This year's conference will diff- 
er from that of 1972 in that most 
of the participants will slay in the 
dorms with the students. Career 
Services will ask for student 
hostesses as well as volunteers 
willing to give up their beds during 
the conference. Interested 
students should contact Sandra 

Crumps of Career Services. 

The alum participating in this 
year's conference represent 
diverse areas of employment. The 
conference is designed to help 
students "explore some of the 
creative and imaginative roles 
open to them." The following 
sketches will provide a small 
preview of the conference par- 

Art ... Art ... Art ... Art ... Art 

Alvia Wardlaw Short '69. an 
Art History major, is Curatorial 
Assistant at Houston's Museum 
of Fine Arts. Her expertise lies in 
the areas of Oriental. African, and 

Alvia Short '69 is an expert in 
Oriental, African and Egyptian 

Egyptian Art and she is responsi- 
ble for research and installation of 
the Museum's African and 
Oceanic collection. 

Ms. Short was an early 
recipient of the Ford Foundation 
Doctoral Fellowships for Black 
Students. She was the only winner 
out of 1,000 applicants. Ms. Short 
used her scholarship to study at 
New York University with in- 
ternships at New York's Brooklyn 
and Metropolitan Museums and 
the Studio Museum in Harlem. 

Ms. Short's return to Houston 
is indicative of her commitment to 
share her education with other 
Black people. "When you have 
opportunities to get some exper- 
tise, you have a duly to share it 
with your people. Most blacks my 
age feel Ihey have a commitment, 
and I'm trying to live up to mine." 

Mary Ascot '60 founded an international company with her husband. 

Private Enterprise 

Mary Needhum Ascot '60 is the in highly unusual and distinctive 

C hief x Executive Officer of needlepoint. Ms. Ascot and her 

Tamerlane Originals a young in- husband started the company in 

'"national company' which deals Que bec. She searches for d esi gn s 

Town Line QDCS0P®l2S mc 


ROUTE 135 ... 


OPEN 9 A.M. to 10 P.M. 653-2060 

Ms. Ascot has worked as a 
research librarian in a chemical 
library for an oil company, she 
Continued on page 7 

Reverend McClure '57 works with many projects dedicated to the im- 
provement of inner-city life. 

... Social Services ... 

Mary Lou McClure '57 ma- 
jored in Biblical History at 
Wellesley and has since travelled a 
steady course to total involvement 
in the ministry. Currently, 
Reverend McClure is director of a 
four-person staff in an ecumenical 
inner-city ministry focusing on 
solving problems and xlcvcloping 
resources needed to effect social 

Reverend McClure received a 
Master of Divinity degree from 
Princeton Seminary. She was or- 
dained as a Presbyterian Minister 

in 1965. 

Reverend McClure's personal 
focus has been the "assembling 
and use of components needed to 
cope with metropolitan sprawl 
and ihe shape of tomorrow while 
wrestling with the question of the 
mission and shape of the ministry 
ol Ihe church in a changing 

To this end. the Reverend has 
worked on many committees and 
projects dedicated to improving 
ihe quality of life for St. Louis' 
underprivileged citizens. 

Business ... Business 

Phyllis Shapiro Sewell '52. an 
economics major, considers 
herself "most fortunate, with the 
bcsl of three worlds: a wife with a 
truly loving husband, a mother 
with a bright and delightful son, 
and a business executive with a 
stimulating career." Ms. Sewell's 
career has been in the Research 

Phyllis Sewell '52 is an active 
woman who enjoys three jobs in 
life: wife,' mother and business ex- 

Di\ ision of the Corporate Office 
ol the parent company of Filene's. 
Bloomingdale's and Abraham & 
Straus- Federated Department 
Stores. Inc 

Ms. Sewell. who joined the 
company right after graduation, 
advanced hersell lo become the 
only woman among 16 vice 
presidents. After working ten 
years, Ms. Sewell look an eight 
month maternity leave of absence 
and worked on a part-lime basis 
for i lew years before returning to 
full-time employment 
' Her main responsibrbfies entail 
overall supervision of the 
Marketing Research Program. 
This includes examining major 
studies of consumer altitude and 
buying habits, merchandising op- 
portunities and marketing 

Ms. Sewell has also served the 
community US a member of the 
Program and Allocations Com- 
mittee of the Greater Cincinnati 
Community Chest. 

Finance ... Finance 

In July. New York Times an- 
nounced the appointment of 
Diana Kiursis Mayer '68 as a vice 
president of the parent company 
of Ihe First National City Bank. 
Ms. Mayer is the first woman lo 
be appointed lo this position. 

Ms. Mayer was a history major 
at Wellesley, with secondary focus 
on economics. After graduation, 
she worked as a portfolio analyst 
for Merrill. Lynch, Pierce. Fcnncr 
and Smith. Inc. Ms. Mayer then 
began the master's program at 
Harvard Business School. While 
there, she worked as an associate 
for McKinscy and Co. She receiv- 
ed her MBA in '71 and joined 
Citicorp corporate development 

Ms. Mayer is a director of three 
of the company's subsidiaries- 
Advance Mortgage Corporation. 
Citicorp Really Consultants, Inc., 
and Citicorp Community 
Development. Inc. She is respon- 
sible for strategic management 

support to real estate and in- 
surance subsidiaries of Citicorp. 

Diana K. Mayer '68 was the 
firs! woman to be appointed a vice 
president of the First National 
City Bank. 



Graduate School 
of Business 

Dean William Heffcrnan will be on campus October 21. 1974 to 
speak with students from all disciplines who are interested in a 
graduate management education. There are nine concentrations 
offered in the Business School, plus joint degree programs with 
the schools of Law, Journalism, Public Health, Architecture. 
International Affairs and Teachers College For further details, 
please contact your Placement Office, 

SUNDAY November .J 

Afternoon: Arrival - regislration - meeting for par- 
ticipants 4:00 p.m. Wall Room. Club. 
Dinner: 6:00 p.m. - Stone Davis for participants and con- 
ference staff. 
Evening Program: 7:30 p.m. - Panel in Jcwctt 
Auditorium followed by Reception in 
Jewell Gallery. 


Breakfast: in dormitories 

A.M. Program: 9:30 a.m. - six to eight Panel meetings 
Topics: Arls, Law, Health. Industry. Communications, 
Human Services, elc. 
Moderators: Faculty 

Lunch in dormitories or with departmental groups 
Afternoon Program: 2:00 p.m. - Workshops. Led by 
students, faculty, or administrators. 
4:00 - 5:30 p.m. Leisure hour for alumnae guests at 

Dinner: Dormitories 

Eventing Program: Departmental or special 


Breakfast: Dormitories 

A.M. Alumnae participation in Panels such as 
"Historical Perspective on Women's 
Careers". "Careers for ihe Year 2000" and 
other kinds of participation lo be arranged. 

Lunch and Evaluation Session with Participants: 


Wedding bands 
Isolate students 

By Noreen Stehlik '77 

"What is needed is not 
necessarily a change in policy but 
the creation of policy." Thus 
speaks Kathy Valdespino on the 
situation of the married Wellesley 

Kathy 's feeling is mirrored by 
the thirty-odd other married 
women students. They believe 
they have many problems which 
are unique to their situation but 
which are nol generally recogniz- 
ed by either the college ad- 
ministration or by other students. 
Their major areas of concern in- 
clude on-campus housing, social 
isolation and financial aid. 

Married students are the only 
members of the academic com- 
munity who arc actually denied 
Ihe use of subsidized housing. 
Other non-resident students 
choose their status; it is forced 
upon married students. This 
creates difficulties of transporta- 
tion, finance and social integra- 

Kathy sees severul possible 
answers. A redefined role for 
heads of house, such as in Stone- 
Davis, could lead to Ihe hiring of 
married students for those 
positions. Suites in some of the 
dorms or vacant faculty housing 
are other possibilities. 

Social isolation is another 
problem. "There is always the 
question: can husbands be invited 
to social events? Unless girls call- 
ed and asked and made a big point 
ol it, Ihe husbands were never in- 
viied The social experience, too, 
is very different. Married 
students, after all. are not in- 
terested in meeting men. Transfer 
students especially find it very dif- 

ficull to adjust: "Ihey know no 
one on campus. They graduate 
feeling very bitter about 
Wellesley. feeling very os- 

Further problems are presented 
by the lack of policy relating to 
the use of recreational facilities 
and membership in organizations 
by students' spouses. One easily- 
rectified, yet annoying problem, is 
the inaccuracy concerning names 
and addresses. Oftentimes, too. 
grades and bills arc sent to 

These difficulties could clearly 
be resolved through the issuance 
of guidelines. 

The final matter for considera- 
tion is financial aid. Wellesley 
does not recognize a change in a 
student's financial status once she 
has entered the college. If she 
entered as a dependent of her 
parents, she remains as such. No 
effort is mude to compensate for 
the usually lower income of the 

Ms. Valdespino suggested that 
the remedy for this would be lo 
allow Wellesley students to file in- 
dependently if the student wishes 
lo do so. "There are legal dif- 
ficulties, but Wellesley's policy 
binds us more than government 
guidelines," she commented. 

The basic concerns of married 
students were articulated last spr- 
ing at a "special meeting for 
married students to discuss car- 
pooling, elc." "It became very 
bitter* and emotional," Kathy 

The problems were presented to 
Ms. Newell and interested faculty 
and administration in a meeting 
before the Easter vacation. No 

Continued on page 7 

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Kanin, Martin, and Cookies 

By Emily Yoffe '77 

"Grela was having dinner at 
our house the other night. I 
described a scene in a play I had 
seen in France in which a young 
girl cats her first love letter. Greta 
looked out the window and said 
wistfully, 'You know, I've never 
rccieved a love letter." 

"I told her I'd write her one 
everyday (ill she told me to stop. 
After three she told me to stop." 
So Garson Kanin, author, 
director, playwritc and wife of 
Ruth Gordon, described one of his 
recent intimate dinners with Greta 

Kanin was at the Wellesley 
College Club October 8th to 
promote his latest book, 
"Hollywood Stars and Starlets, 
Tycoons and Flesh Peddlers, 
Moviemakers and Moneymakers. 
Frauds and Geniuses, Hopefuls 
and Hasbeens, Great Lovers and 
Sex Symbols." 

In addition he's overseeing the 
Boston opening of his new play 
"Dreyfus in Rehearsal." A play 
which needs a great deal of 
overseeing if it's to spend anytime 
on Broadway. 

Also at the author's was Ralph 
Martin, who wrote the two 
volume biography of Winston 
Churchill's mother. Jenny. He's 
currently promoting his new 
book, "The Woman He loved" 
the story of the Duke and Duchess 
of Windsor. 

Theonie Mark, who has a 
Greek Cooking Show on PBS, 
talked about her cookbook and 
her homemade cookies. 

Garson Kanin never graduated 
from high school. Thorton 
Wilder, his friend, found this 
situation terrifying. His advice 
was. "The only way you're going 
to gel educated is sclf-educalion. 
Learn to ask questions of the right 
people. And write everything 

Kanin began by recording that 

Sam Goldwyn brought him to 
Hollywood in 1937 at the age of 
24. In addition to recording nearly 
every Goldwynism the studio head 
uttered, (including, "Don't ask me 
about Goldwynisms, if you want 
to hear Goldwynisms talk to Jerry 
Lasky!) Kanin took copious notes 
of all the exchanges, verbal and 
sexual of the stars that he was 
privy lo. 

Kanin and Ruth Gordon 
collaborated on several 
screenplays, including, "Pat and 
Mike" and "Adams Rib" for 
Kalhryn Hepburn and Spencer 

"My wife and I have been 
married for 32 years and we never 
quarrel. However during our 
collaboration we not only 
quarrelled, we almost killed each 

"Wc saw ii we weren't to get a 
real divorce, we'd better gel a 
professional one." 

Now neither sees any writing 
the other has done till after 

Though Ms. Gordon loved 

NeecHham -:;;•■ 
1 MM0M CiNErvm 








"Hollywood ..." she felt there was 
one chapter that would sink the 
book, the chapter about Mae's 

"Mae ran a very classy brothel 
in Hollywood. She got her name 
because she bore a remarkable 
resemblance lo Mac West. All the 
girls in the place were facsimilies 
of stars of the day. There was a 
Lombard, a Harlow, an Alice 
Faye, all of Ihem. 

"The only omissions were Gar- 
bo and Hepburn. I once asked 
Mae why, she replied, "Who'd 
believe il?" 

"Of all the chapters in my book 
this got the best reception. I guess 
Ruth jusl never lost her Quincy 

Kanin concluded by observing 
that (he "great faith in the future 
of the movies. You know their 
only beginning their second 
generation. " 

Ralph Martin who is a fac- 
similie (speaking of facsimilies) of 
Garson Kanin. provided some in- 
formation on the "love story of 
the century." that of the Duke and 
Duchess of Windsor. 

In researching the book, Mar- 
tin worked from (he outside in. He 
interviewed dozens of people 
before he gol lo the principals, 
and lo Wallis herself. 

"She was dainty and 
vivacious," he describes, "and a 
perfect hostess." 

"At one point she was sitting in 
a chair and I was on a couch. She 
came over and sat knee to knee 

with me. She looked intently at 
me with Ihosc big eyes, and listen- 
ed as if every word I uttered was 
the most monumentul and 
profound she'd ever heard. 
Suddenly the thought struck me, 
'My God, this is how she got the 

And indeed il was, no one had 
ever liked Edward for himself. 
She became "his oxygen. Once 
when they were separated a ser- 
vant came into his bedroom to 
wake him. He was surrounded by 
sixteen photographs of her and 
was sleeping on a pillow with her 
initials on it." 

Martin feels the marriage had 
to be a success lest he be the most 
pitied man in the world, and she 
the most hated woman. It was 
successful, however, and 
throughout even Wallis managed 
to be "fairly faithful." 

The monumental triviality of 
their lives was not their fault ac- 
cording to Martin. They wanted 
to serve the British government, 
but due to matters like the abdica- 
tion, and their support of Hitler, 
their efforts were thwarted. ' 

Halhaway House sponsors the 
author series. They have been so 
successful thai an afternoon talk 
was added to the regular morning 

Ralph Marlin who put almost 
as prodigious an effort into selling 
a book as he docs in writing it ad- 
mitted that the book promotion 
tour was exhausting. "But my 
book is one of my children, and 
I'm willing to do whatever is 
necessary to make sure it's treated 

Elaine Uzan, Nicholas I infield, and Karil Kirk perform in "The Art of Erik Satic". Photo by S. Norkin 

The last surrealism article 

By Sherry Kramer '75 

The Celebration of the fiftieth 
anniversary of the birth of 
Surrealism continued this past 
week wiih lectures, movies, plays, 
and culminated with the 
Surrealism symposium on Satur- 
day. October 12. The Man Ray 
exhibit remains at the Jewell 
gallery until November 3rd. 

As an introduction to 
lism and the week, 



Do You Want To Dance? 

By Sharon Collins '77 

"These women are together 
because they are intrinsically in- 
teresled in dance. Dance Group is 
not u substitute for a regular gym 
course." stressed Alice Trexler. 
advisor of the Wellesley College 
Dunce Group. 

"A major requirement for a 
Dance Group member is that she 
be really, really interested in 
dance, despite her technical level. 
Some of the members have had 
the benefit of a lot of good train- 
ing. Other members have not had 
much professional training, bul 
they show a great deal of poten- 

Ms. Trexler could not pinpoint 
the exact year when the Wellesley 
College Dance Group was-form- 
ed. As early as 1890, students 
were doing rhythmical gymnastics 
lo music. In the I920's, dance 
drama and scarf dancing were 
quite popular. 

The Dance Group of the I970's 
wants lo educate the College com- 
munily towards dance as well as 
educating themselves. They feel 
that ihc activities of the Dance 
Group should reflect what is going 
on in the professional dance 

The group has one major 
production a year, usually in 
March as pari of the Founders 
Day weekend. The concert con- 
sists of student work for the most 
pari. "We do not do talent 
shows.'" Ms. Trexler said 
emphatically. "We do not do dan- 
cing school recitals. We attempt 
to create things which will be con- 
sidered as serious works of art." 

Last spring ihey worked with 

Viola Farber when she and her 
company came to Wellesley to do 
u show at Alumnae Hall. The 
Dance Group is disappointed that 
this year the College has not in- 
vited any dance company to per- 
form on campus. 

Each September, the Dance 
Group holds a series of open 
classes during which they evaluate 
prospective members. New 
members are chosen by the Dance 
Group advisor, the officers of the 
group, and a core of old members. 
They altempl lo make the 
auditioning process as informal 
and unlraumatic as possible, and 
Ihey primarily look for flexibility, 
grace, and ease of movement. 

This year, there are thirteen 
regular members and seven ap- 
prentice members. Once accepted, 
a member can be in the Dance 
Group throughout the time that 
she is a student at Wellesley. 

The Dance Group meets two 
evenings a week for a 90 minute 
class and practice session. As a 
bonus, gym credit is given to 
members who have not yet fulfill- 
ed I heir gym requirement 

This year, the Dance Group has 
three executive officers with equal 
rank and equal distribution of 
duties. They are Mary Ann Tsao 
"75. Sylvia Fergus '76. and Lisa 
DeAngclis '77. 

Besides the Dance Group's 
main spring production, they have 
a fall open house with technique 
demonstrations. Several members 
were involved in the surrealist 
plays which were performed here 
on campus last weekend. 

Also, some members of the 
group participate in liturgical 
dances which are performed oc- 
casionally on a Sunday morning 
during Ihc regular Chapel service. 
The first liturgical dance this year 
was presenlcd during ihe Flower 
Sunday service. Ms. Trexler ex- 
plained that ihe dancers did not 
altempl lo interpret the psalm 
"Inch was read during their 

"Wo are not into dance cjrama. 
We arc more involved in movc- 
meni for Ihe sake of movement, 
the structural elements of dance, 
and we simply wanted to motivate 
the spectator to interpret Ihe 
psalm for himself." 

Next semester, Professor Trex- 
ler will be leaching a dance course 
for academic credit. Students in 
Ihe class will each be composing a 
dance project, and there is a 
possibility thai these projects will 
be presenled lo the public near the 
end of the semester. 

At this time, there are several 
studenls who are working with 
Ms. Trexler on her dissertation 
project. When completed, her 
project will be an hour-long dance 
piece with no inlermission. 
Sometime in Ihe spring, it will be 
performed al N.Y.U. in the 
Village Ms. Trexler says that 
perhaps a section of il will be in- 
cluded in'lhe annual Dance Group 

documentary films called 
"Futurism" and "Surrealism" 
were shown on October 3rd. 

A far better conception of ihc 
surrealistic idea! was offered by 
Bunneul's "Le Chien Andalou" 
and his "Le Churme Discret de la 

Friday and Saturday night saw 
(he presentation of five distinct 
aspects of surrealism in theatre. 
The program began with short 
poems sung by a soprano with 
piano accompaniment, an in- 
teresting device which lead 
smoothly lo Erik Satie's lyrical 
comedy "Le Piege dc Meduse" 
(Baron Medusa's Trap) which 
contains several musical in- 
terludes. The pluy was presented 
twice, once in English and then in 
French, and was lo have Ihe two 
principal characters exchanging 
roles in Ihe different versions. Due 
lo ihe illness of Bernard Uzan, 
Nicholas Linfield played Baron 
Medusa in both plays. While 
some of Ihe intended effeel was 
lost by Baron Medusa remaining 
Ihe same person instead of 
switching with his servant. Lin- 
field did a remarkable job on such 
short notice, and the French ver- 
sion went as smoothly as the 
English one had earlier in the 
evening. All the performers con- 
vese.l well the Iwo interpretations 
of the same lines and parts. 

The second hair of "The Art of 
Erik Salie". as the presentation al 
leu et t was billed, consisted of a 
mime drama called "Parade". A 
combination of ballet, costume, 
mime, and caricature, this color- 
lul interpretation of a circus 
parade was considered by its com- 
poser lo be a "ballet realisle". 

The production was extremely 
smooth, and often very witty in 
certain visual aspects, such as a 
large banner which concealed the 
players from view, somclimcs 
even moving "by itself." 

The music was provided by a 
large ensemble directed by 
Thomas Kelly, and together with 
the action on stage produced a 
cohesive and unified effect. 

The second round of pla\s 



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began al 10:30 in Schneider 
coffeehouse, in itself a statement 
of surrealism. Under the direction 
of Paul Barstow, "Real" 
Surrealism, two short plays il- 
lustrating (he continued influence 
of surrealism were presented. 

"Humulus the Mute" (1929) by 
Jean Anouilh is the story of a 
prince who may say only one word 
a day and musl save up for weeks 
in order lo make a declaration of 
love lo a girl who. as il turns out, 
is very hard of hearing. The prince 
wastes his thirty-three precious 
words and musl now begin saving 

This perception of ihe 
humourous was in delightful con- 
trast to thai of the Salie play and 
mime drama, which relied on 
more subtle ironies of existence to 
supply ihc humour. 

The Anouilh play.was presenled 
as a traditional play with a sur- 
realistic twist, while Ihe Salic 
feaiured a mechanical monkey 
which danced. There were other 
surrealistic theatre devices such as 
long elastic strings connecting Ihe 
players to the ceiling in the 
English version. 

The second play at Schneider 
was "See other Side" (1968) by 
Robcrl Patrick which is a 
monologue of a boy on the phone 
to his mother. Il features some 
strange discussion concerning a 
cockroach, which was both funny 
and surrealistic. 

The selling for the play was a 
large floor mirror from which the 
aclor's legs and arms and discard- 
ed clothing extended. 

Bolh or ihc plays at Schneider 
were testimonies to the absurdity 
of humour, and Ihe humour of ab- 



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Carolyn M. Elliott, political 
science professor at the University 
of California, Santa Cruz, has 
been named director of the Center 
for the Study of Women in Higher 
Education and the Professions. 
The Center was established this 
summer and is sponsored jointly 
by Welleslcy College and the 
Federation of Organizations for 
Professional Women, an associa- 
tion based in Washington, D.C. 
which represents nearly one 
million working women in the 
United States. 

Funded by a grant of 5195,000 
from (he Carnegie Corporation, 
the Center will conduct policy- 
oriented studies of women's 
educational and professional 
needs. One of its first projects will 
be a workshop on occupational 
segregation of women to be held * 
in May, 1975 on the Wcllesley 
Campus in conjunction with the 
American Economic Association. 

Professor Elliott, who received 
her B.A. from Wcllesley (1959) 
and Ph.D. in government from 
Harvard, is currently on leave 
from Santa Cruz. 

In her new position. Professor 
Elliott plans to view women's con- 
cerns in terms of national and in- 
ternational goals. "The Center 
will examine professions in the 
context of increasing life choices 
lor both men and women," she 
slated. "We will also conduct 


Dormitory Lecture Series begins fine! 

Sylvia Fergus and Nicholas Linfield perform in "Parade", part of "An 
Evening of Surrealism" October 10 and 1 1. 

Photo by Sasha Norkin *75 

comparative studies of women in 
other societies to provide us with 

new perspectives on our own 

The Independent Maintenance 
and Service Employees' Union 
of America announces that at 
its regular meeting of Wednes- 
day. October 2, 1974, the body 
unanimously offered its official 
endorsement of the United 
Farm Workers' Union of 

America's nationwide boycott 
or non-UFWU iceberg lettuce, 
table grapes & gallo wines in 
recognition of its valiant and 
continuing efforts to secure 
justice for farmworkers in 
California and across the coun- 

Wcllesley College's first 
"Residence Hall Forum," a series 
of discussion-lectures with Wilma 
Scott Heidc, will begin next Tues- 
day, October 22. Ms. Hcidc is the 
past president or NOW, National 
Organization for Women, and is 
currently a Residence Guest at 

The introductory session will 
address the topic of feminism and 
Hie meaning of the term 
"rcminist." The discussion topics 
for the Forum were decided upon 
in a series or meetings involving 
Ms. Hcide and a group orsludenl- 
staff representatives from each 
residence hall. 
The discussions arc scheduled 

Ayn Rand 
at Forum 

Ayn Rand, popular author and 
lecturer, will speak at the Ford 
Hall Torum Sunday. October 20 at 
8 p.m. on "Egalitarianism and 

Dr. Rand has gained national 
acclaim for her novels. "Atlas 
Shrugged" and "The Foun- 
lainhcad." Her "Capitalism — 
The Unknown Ideal" has won for 
her national recognition among 
academicians and economists. 

Ayn Rand has lectured at many 
major universities and has earned 
numerous honors including doc- 
torate degrees from Princeton and 
Lewis and Clark Colleges. 

The lecture will be given at 
Northeastern University's Alum- 
ni Auditorium. Huntington 

Newell : more on HEW guidelines 

Continued from page 4 

Text book and classroom 
materials obviously have an efiect 
on student aspirations and self- 
image. Hand-in-hand with these 
guidelines should be the expen- 
diture of funds for extensive text- 
book review and rewriting. 
Materials which are designed to 
enhance women's self-assurance 
and expand their career 
aspirations should be seen as an 
essential part of library acquisi- 
tion. I hope that the Secretary will 
follow through on his statement 
that HEW, through the Orfice or 
Education, can provide research, 
assistance, and guidance to local 
educational agencies in 
eliminating sex bias from 
curricula and educational 

It is not enough to grant women 
equal access in admissions and 
assure them equal treatment once 
there. The guidelines and in- 
stitutions must recognize that for 
women to take foil advantage of 
Ihese new avenues, especially in 
the area of higher education, sup- 
port facilities such as day-care 
centers are essential. This argu- 
ment applies equally to women 
employees with children who must 
in some way make provision for 
child-care. Educational in- 
stitutions providing this necessary 
support for working women and 
students demonstrate their 
genuine desire to furnish equal op- 
portunity for all. 

The Secretary has staled his 
concern in the area or part-time 
employment. As the Regulations 
presently reads in Subpart E, they 
merely state that institutions may 
not discriminate on the basis or 
Wt, it may discriminate in the dis- 
tribution or benefits between part- 
time and foil-time employees; this 
could result in de facto sex dis- 
crimination. The Secretary has in- 
terpreted this paragraph or Sub- 
Part E to mean that iran institu- 
,,on employs disproportionately 
members or one sex on a part- 
time basis, it must show that 
benefits are not discriminatory on 
•he basis or sex but for other 
basons. // is important that his 
"ijtrpretations be incorporated in 
'be guidelines themselves for clear 
understanding. With respect of 
benefits and part-time employees, 
' would suggest the provision in 

Subpart E that part-time workers 
receive proportional benefits in 
terms of total dollar value receiv- 
ed by full-time employees. We 
hope that Secretary Weinberger 
will also address himself to the 
similar issue of admission and 
financial aid Tor part-time 
students — many of whom are 
women wil'h family respon- 

To respond to the Secretary's 
request for comment. I urge thai 
benefits and contributions with 
regard to pensions should be equal 
and based on a single actuarial 
table for both sexes. 

HEW should be commended 
for their path-braking proviion 
outlined in Subpart E, 86.41 (b) 
(6) granting leaves of absence, 
pregnancy leaves, and leaves for 
either sex to care for children or 

In this same innovative vein I 
would like to recommend that 
HEW investigate the possible in- 
corporation of the provisions set 
forth in U.S. Senate Bill 2022. 
"Flexible Hours Employment 
Act", requiring government agen- 
cies to set aside "at least a certain 
percentage of all positions in each 
grade in each agency" for those 
unable to work standard working 
hours. There is no reason why this 
type or provision could not apply 
to educational institutions. This 
concept is or great importance to 
many women who have families 
and are unable to work foil-time. 
Massachusetts has recently made 
into law (Chapter 500 or the Acts 
or 1974) an Act requiring that 
10'. of .ill civil service jobs be 
made available on a part-time 
basis. These are important break- 
throughs in recognizing the prac- 
tical limitations many women focc 
when entering the nation's work 


In closing, I would like to 
reiterate that any public support 
lor Ihese Regulations must 
utimalely come from a clear state- 
ment or their intended purpose. 
Equality or opportunity cannot be 
a reality for all Americans if it is 
assumed — as wc believe HEW 
has done — that all are free to 
lake advantage or such neutral 

Wedding Bands 

Continued from page 5 

definitive action or written reply 
was forthcoming. "Ms. Newell 
reels it would take a tremendous 
amount or administrative time, 
lime that just isn't there," related 

As yet there has been no formal 
organization formed for married 
students. A constitution was 
drawn up last spring but never 
submitted to Senate for approval. 

Kathy is hopefol that the 
married students will organize 
next year. Currently involved in 
Mezcla, Kathy reels she cannot 
add this extra responsibility. 

"Things are not all bad. I think 
there are very positive things," 
added the second-semester 
sophomore. She cited the recent 
change in library policy, allowing 
spouses to use the facilities 
without identification, as an ex- 

The political science major con- 
cluded on an optimistic note. "I 
think Welleslcy is a very flexible 
place. I think it can provide the 
kind of awareness that is 
necessary to recognize and to 

guidelines. The guidelines must 
not be assumed to operate in a 
vacuum but rather amidst already 
existing social institutions. The 
proposed Regulations must be 
rewritten to acknowledge these 
realities and the needs for affir- 
mative action on behalf or women 
students and staff. 

"Many Roads" Conference 

Continued from page 5 

has also written free lance 
magazine articles for children. 
Outside the professional regions, 
Ms. Ascot has "run the gamut" in 
volunteer work, from chairman or 
the local cooperative nursery 
school to secretary or her church 
board to chairman or the Mon- 
treal Seven Colleges Club. 

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to lake place in various residence 

hall living rooms. 

The planning committee hopes 
that these informal sessions will 
provide all members or the 
Wcllesley communiiv with an op- 
portunity to share their views on 
sen role stereotyping, education. 
feminism, and humanism 

Scheduled throughout the 
semester, the discussions will in- 
Tuesday. October 22 - 

Junior Show 

Continued from page 2 

curtain fell. The overall pleasure 
with the show that has been ex- 
pressed by my own classmates and 
uppcrclasswomen shattered my il- 
lusions or Wellcsley's social 

I highly support Debra Knop- 
man's article or the October 1 1 
NEWS issue. Hoperully. more 
women will take a deeper in- 
trospection or the identity the} 
»ish to project and evaluate their 
actions. IT Junior Show could 
motivate thai kind or change and 
sensitivity, then the blow dealt 
would stand a chance or healing 

Claire L. Fronvillc '78 

The Environmental 
Concerns Commiiiee of 
Weilesley College has schedul- 
ed its next meeting Tor October 
24 at 4:00 p.m. at the Weilesley 
College Club Miss Diane 
McGuire. landscape consultant 
to the College, will speak about 
the environment and landscape 
ol' the college. The public is in- 
vited to attend. 

"You Don't Have To Be A 
Man To Be \ Scxisl Feminism: 
A Perspective" McAfee Living 
Room - 7 p.m. 
Wednesday, November 6 - 

"Sisterhood Some of \h Best 
Friends Are Women'' Munger 
Living Room - 7 p.m. 
Wednesday November 20 - 

'Wclleslcj l ducalion for 
Wh it? Severuncc I iving Room • 
7 p.m. 
Tuesday. December 3 - 

"Beyond I eminism Toward 
Humanism" Shufcr Living Room 
- 7 p in 

Nelson speaks 
on Obscenity 

Stephen Nelson »ill deliver a 
sermon on "Living with 
Obscenity" al the 1 1 u.m service 
Sunday, October 20 in Houghton 
Memorial C hapel. \ iisi ml 
director of Schneider College 
C enter. Mr Nelson is a Chaplain- 
cj \ssociate .ind ;i member of the 
executive committee of the I!" ird 
Ol I ruslees .it the ABC I \ Belter 
Chance) program in Wclleslcj 
He received The B A. degree from 
Gcllysbury College, the \l \ 
from Hartford Seminar} Founda- 
tion and is currently studying for 
the M. Div degree ill Vndover- 
Newlon Theological Scmin trj 

Frank 1 aylor, chuirmun of the 
department of music al I tsell 
Junior College and ,i member of 
the Music Department faculty m 
Wcllesley will serve us gUCSt choir 
conductor and organist for the 
sen ice 

John Holt, author of How Children Fail and Escape From Childhood, 
will speak on October 24 al 8 p.m. in 112 Pendleton East. The topic of 
the lecture, sponsored by Forum, will be "Doing-not Education." 

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Sports perspective: Cf€W COttt€S 
Mary Young 76 ^ Q Wellesley 

Tennis pros speak for equality 

Crew slarlcd a long, long lime 
ago al Wellesley. Around (he 
I880's, some 70 years afler (he 
sporl reached America, Wellesley 
was al (he forefront of (he 
women's crew movement. Rowing 
was good, you see, for one's 

For a good many years the 
galley-like crew boals, in which 
one would si( upright in a skirt of 
some length, lumbered around the 
hike like gianl octopeds. Pictures 
recording these scenes are easy to 
find, from the hoathouse to the 
Centennial publication "A 
Woman's Place". 

Crew obviously rated high al 
Wellesley. with a seemingly solid 
progression of equipment 
purchases and program support. 
This is well-documented by "A 
Woman's Place", from the 1881 
boals to the sleeker shells of the 
30's lo the handsome "barges" of 
Ihc 60's and present. 

These "barges" are truly 
vestiges of Wcllesley's early com- 
mitment to crew. They are 
special!) made for recreation: 
they arc wider, loughcr, less "tip- 
py" and sit higher. The oars are 
shorter and therefore easier lo 

You might well ask, wider, 
lougher. and higher than what? 

A racing shell is the answer. A 
long, skinny cardboard-lhin racer, 
lipp3 as a kayak, of which 
Wellesley has two. 

■) es indeed, Wellesley has Iwo 
racing fours and eight oars and a 
crew and coach to match. 

Going on four years ago. some 
members of the class of '73 went 
in to M.I.T. and began rowing in 
racers when they could, and got 
hooked by the gut-wrenching, 
agonizing yet terribly satisfying 
individualism of the sport. 

Thus began the dichotomy thai 

remains unbridged between the in- 
tercollegiate and recreational 
crews. It carries to the lake, where 
the dorm or class crews cling to 
shore and the racers row around 
in (he middle. 

Wellesley competes against 
other schools on the strength of a 
program nurtured by the 
predecessor to Ms. Earle, an in- 
dividual named Ms. Barbara Jor- 
dan who was the first female crew 
coach known anywhere, and 
several benefactors that gave the 
very expensive shells. 

Rowing in two fours rather 
than one eight, and rowing on a 
lake such as Waban with no 
course longer than 700 or so 
meters available, (competition 
was set at 1500 this year, from 
1000 meters before), put and will 
continue lo put Wellesley racers 
at a disadvantage, no matter how 
great the human potential. 

A racing eight is much longer 
than a Wellesley custom eight and 
will not fit into the boalhouse, 
even if someone comes up with 
S 5,000 to buy one. 

Led by Peggy O'Neal '76, a 
selfless and dedicated athlete, the 
intercollegiate crew practices in 
Ihc fours and borrows an eight 
from someone to compete. They 
have a past, however brief, to en- 
joy, having taken the Williams, 
trophy three years ago from, 
several other neophyte teams. 

Ahead lies the Head of the 
Charles over Fall Break, the crew 
regatta of all regattas, which will 
have a strong women's Field. 
Wellesley hopes lo place in the top 
half lo third of the twenty or so 
boats, says Ms. Earle guardedly, a 
great improvement over the past. 

Some people should go to the 
Head and cheer Wellesley on in a 
neat sporl, new lo Wellesley and 

By Pam Chin 75 

The introduction of World 
Team Tennis (WTT) has resulted 
in increasing interest in the real 
lives of women athletes, both 
professional and amateur. 
Athletics for women have become 
accepted activities and viable 

The greatest significance of 
WTT has been in its placement of 
men and women together on 
teams us equals. Of course, team 
tennis is not a first for women as 
pro athletes, but all the other 
sports have benefitted from its ex- 

For example, the Ladies' 

Professional Golfers' Association 
(LPGA) has been around for at 
least 20 years, yet only recently 
has it gained reasonable recogni- 
tion. For years the LPGA was 
akin to a travelling band of golf- 
ing nomads competing for barely 
enough money lo keep them in 
balls and clubs. Today the LPGA 
runs a national tour with purses 
totalling over SI million, and has 
achieved network television 
coverage of its major events. 

But who arc these women 
athletes? What arc they like? 
What kinds of lives do they lead? 
This summer I had the chance to 
talk to three tennis pros at a 
Boston Lobsters — Philadelphia 

.ijX*44i«v - 

Crusading hard for equality in professional tennis and all sports goes 
right along with playing hard for Trish Bostrom, of W II "s Boston 
Lobsters. The talented but less-known Ms. Bostrom, a founder of the 
Women's Tennis Association, speaks out for coed teams that will help br- 
ing up the status of women athletes. 

(Boston Lobster Photo) 

Shafcr won by 2.5 seconds o*er Cazenove in Thursday's first heat of 
Ihc- morning and, with a man in number four seat, may win today's final. 
Tower Courl. top qualifier, swept the second heat and said this well- 
mannered crew will lose. 

(Photo by Mary Young 76) 

Sports for the Week 


Water Polo — Wellesley vs. UMass, 5 p.m.; Wellesley vs. Williams. 
6 p.m. al UMass. 

This Weekend 
Tennis — Women's Intercollegiate Tennis at Harvard. 
Sailing — Victorian Coffee Urn, (New England Women's Inter- 
collegiate Sail Association Regalia) al Radcliffc. 

Volleyball — Regis College al Wellesley, 7 p.m. 

Water Polo — Radcliffc al Wellesley, 6 p.m. 

Hockey loses, M.I.T. soaring for Wellesley 
Smith next 

An undermanned Wellesley 
field hockey team battled gamely 
at Boston College Wednesday but 
lost, 5-1. I heir first loss in two 

Coach Shiela Brown's team had 
Iht entire forward line except 
Kale Ricpe 76 in attendance but 
lost fullback Debby Allen - 77 and 
halfback Nancy Faunce '78 Tor 
periods throughout the game 
when they rcferced. The Wellesley 
players arc looking forward lo a 
rematch ai full strength, said one 
Ol ihc halfbacks that missed (he 

A da> earlier ihe squad had a 
scrimmage with Jackson, a team 
they defeated. 1-0, previously The 
first siring forward line was miss- 
ing, giving other icam members 
valuable playing time. 

Everyone it back together for 
practices and looking forward to 
Ihe Oct. 29 triangular meet al 
Smith against Smith and Trinity 
Although it is ihc Tuesday of fall 
break, ihc entire varsity plans lo 
be there. 

By Michel Froidevaux 

The MIT Soaring Association 
was founded in 1968 in order to 
bring to all members of the MIT 
commuity the joys and benefits of 
soaring flight as inexpensively as 
possible. Recently, the C.S. 
Draper Laboratory and the 
Wellesley College community 
have been included for 
membership eligibility. 

The sport of soaring, which has 
always been very strongly sup- 
ported in Europe, has recently 
received a tremendous new in- 
terest in this country. It is a 
beautiful, pollutionless, and very 
safe sport which seems to appeal 
more and more to people of our 
rapidly changing world. 

MITSA is Ihe most recent in a 
scries r gliding clubs al MIT 
which goes back all the way to 
1908. Club activiiies include flight 
operations, ground school train- 
ing, regular meetings on campus, 
(film, shows, talks, etc.), social 
events, gliding encampments in 
New England, and aircraft 

MITSA operates five sailplanes 
and two tow planes. Over 1000 
flights are flown yearly for a total 

of about 500 flight hours. Wiihin 
(he limits of the number of trainee 
pilots who can be handled al any 
given lime, the club is prepared to 
accept any member of Ihc 
Wellesley communily or alumna 
who also fulfills the following re- 

— Able lo pass a Class III 
medical exam. 

— Prepared lo commit the lime 
and effort needed. 

Flight and ground instruction 
arc provided free of charge by 
suitable certified members. Tow 
pilots are also drawn from the 
membership ranks, and are un- 
paid. There is no direct hourly 
charge for use of MITSA gliders. 
Yearly dues arc very reasonable. 

Membership applications and 
further information may be ob- 
tained by calling Tom Keim, 
Director of Membership al 253- 
2237 (MIT), or Michel 
Froidevaux, Vice-President al 
258-1494 (Draper Lab).' 
Demonstration rides arc usually 
available out of Norfolk Airport 
every weekend. 


Interested in 

Call Lesley Tanaka, 

Top qualifiers 
Live in Tower 

Tower Court's oarswomen 
battled through vicious cross- 
winds early Thursday morning to 
post the fastest lime out of nine 
crews in the dorm qualifying 
rues, a well-earned 2:04.6. 

While starters wrestled with the 
drifting shells ai the line, deter- 
mined Severance (2:06.5), peren- 
nial power Bcebc (2:07.4) and 
well-manned Shalcr (2:08.9) 
shook off ihe chill and went on to 
earn lanes in Wednesday's final. 

Cazenove missed qualifying by 
2.5 seconds, followed by Bates 
(2:16.1). McAfee (2.17.3), lasl 
year's champion, and Pomeroy 
and Freeman (2:22.2 and 2:22.5). 





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Freedoms match. 

A common misconception is 
that women athletes must parallel 
ihcir male counterparts as "all 
brawn and no brain." 

Trish Bostrom of the Boston 
Lobsters is living proof that 
strength of mind is not totally in- 
compatible with physical prowess. 
Ms. Bostrom is young, (23), 
energetic and an enthusiastic 
proponent of women's pro tennis 
and women's athletics in general. 

Trish was one of the founders of 
Ihc Women's Tennis Association 
(WTA), and is now on its Board 
of Directors. She graduated 
magna cum laudc from the 
University of Washington, where 
she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa 
with a political science major. 
While at the university she 
successfully pressed court action 
so thai anyone, including women, 
could play varsity tennis for the 
university leam. 

On the subject of athletic 
scholarships for women, she is 
most definile: "I think ihere 
should be scholarships. The old 
line is that we can't get into the 
same old recruiting hassles as the 
men. I sec that as an excuse. 

"The men have had troubles, ... 
bul still you can learn from that. 
You can still help women, to help 
(hem through if they have a goal 
in athletics, to help them along, to 
encourage them. Scholarships can 
be a great incentive far a person lo one year (1973). 
want to be an athlclc." 

Julie Anthony of the 
Philadelphia Freedoms is another 
example of the intellectual woman 
athlete. Besides teaming up with 
Billie Jean King lo form a 
devastating doubles combination, 
Ms. Anthony will shortly com- 
plete her dissertation for the 
Ph.D. degree in psychology at 

considered serious, but gradually 
crumbling. "I think the major 
problem ... is that we are still not 
ireaicd as athlclcs on the same 
level as the men arc. I think that if 
you have these coed teams, that's 
going lo help lo bring up th e 
status of the woman athlete so it's 
equal with that of a man." 

The only major problem on the 
Philadelphia team was quickly 
resolved, according to Julie 
Anihony. "I think some of the 
guys on our team had trouble ad- 
justing to a female coach. But 
those problems got resolved 
within Iwo weeks of the team get- 
ling together. I think we all 
respect Billie Jean (King) as a 
coach, and we all get along super 

Super is the word for the 
number one star of team tennis. 
Billie Jean King is not only 
WTT's biggest box office draw, 
hut ihe first female coach of a 
professional team. She is a hard- 
nosed businesswoman, a truly 
superior athlete, a show woman 
and an entrepreneur, all at the 
same time. 

Billie Jean's career record is 
only partially indicative of her im- 
pact on women's tennis. She holds 
22 U.S. lilies and 43 international 
championships, including five vic- 
tories at Wimbledon and three 
triumphs at Forest Hills. Ms. 
King was the first woman to win 
over $200,000 in prize money in 

She also foresees a positive 
future for women in sporls al all 
ages: "I think thai actually the 
trend (toward increased funding) 
lhat is now evident in the lower 
levels, like in college and in high 
school, is a result of women get- 
ting paid, being well paid 
prolcssionally in their sports, in 
lennis, golf, or as a jockey. 

"I can see a progressive trend 
where bigger prize monies are go- 
ing to be offered in the 
professional sports. As a result, 
bigger scholarships are going to 
be offered in Ihe schools, 
programs arc going lo be 
developed lo a greater extent. 

Probably the roughest pari of 
life as a pro athlete is the amount 
of traveling involved. On that par- 
ticular July evening, the Lobsters 
had just completed a 14,000-mile 
road trip in a six-day span. In 
spile of ihc rough schedule, Trish 
Bostrom finds WTT to be a great 
experience. For her, the crowds 
are an exciting addition to pro 
tennis, as is the unusual format 
with its accent on doubles' play.- 

Julie Anthony feels that the 
financial independence which is 
now possible is a most significant 
factor. "When money started be- 
ing put into lennis. it made it 
possible for me to support myself 
while I played, so I didn't have lo 
depend on my parents or on lennis 
associations or on anyone else as 

Aside from the monetary 
rewards, Ms. Anthony also enjoys 
her current lifestyle on its own 
merit, "lis just a very unique type 
of life, where you experience great 
highs and lows. The pace is fast." 

"Al times, u's nice lo go home 
and unpack, and to settle down. 
You think you'd be happy that 
way, bul afler a few months you 
siari yelling antsy and you feci 
like having dial excitement again. 
So it's prclly addicting, this life." 

For Trish Bostrom, the double- 
standard for men and women is 

She continues to be an avowed 
activist for women in sports. Billie 
Jean crusaded for women's lennis 
by helping to create Ihe WTA and 
lo initiate the Virginia Slims 
professional circuit. 

Billie Jean King's most impor- 
tant role is as a leader for women 
of all ages lo be involved in 
athletics. Her projection for the 
future captures the essence of this 
movement. "I jusl think that there 

oughl to be more opportunities 
and more vehicles for women to 
participate in sports. The only 
way this is j>oing lo happen is to 
have more scholarships, to have 
more dollars, to have more 

"The most important thing is 
lhal women and girls arc en- 
couraged lo be athletes and lo be 
proud of it, to have Tun and to ex- 

"The biggest thing is to be 
aceepied and encouraged by bolh 

•-•ses " 






^ S RUE A N R E M CK P S S S ^" TEnS ' HATS G 'o"" LO S T CAR S VES